Scandisk is a Microsoft utility that was purchased originally from Norton which is now Symantec. Scandisk is designed to check the integrity of a computer hard disk drive to verify that there are no significant issues which could cause issues with your computer data.
Scandisk was first available in MS-DOS 6.2 and was available ever since. If you are running MS-DOS 6.2 or 6.22 and would like to run scandisk, follow the below steps.
Finally, some computer manufacturers have changed the installation directory of where scandisk is located; if you are unable to run scandisk from the DOS directory, go to the WINDOWS directory by typing CD\WINDOWS.
WINDOWS 3.X SCANDISK
If you are running Windows 3.x and MS-DOS 6.2 or above please refer to the MS-DOS scandisk section for information on how to run scandisk.
WINDOWS 95/98 SCANDISK
Windows 95 improved the functionality of scandisk, as did Windows 98; to run scandisk from Windows, follow the below steps.
In addition, Windows 95 OSR2 and Windows 98 will run scandisk automatically if the computer is shutdown improperly to check to see if the hard disk drive encountered issues when the computer was improperly shutdown.
MS-DOS SCANDISK SYNTAX
Below is a listing of available switches in MS-DOS scandisk 6.2 and above. It is important to note that these commands will not work in Windows 95 and above.
scandisk [ drive: | /all] [/checkonly | /autofix [/nosave] | /custom] [/fragment] [/surface] [/mono] [/nosave] [/nosummary]
/all - Checks and repairs all local drives at once.
/checkonly - Checks drive for errors but will not make repairs.
/autofix - Fixes errors without asking you first. Saves lost clusters by default as files in the drive's root directory. Cannot be used with /checkonly or /custom.
/custom - Runs Scandisk using the settings in [custom] section of the scandisk.ini file. Cannot be used with /autofix or /checkonly.
/surface - Automatically checks surface after other areas are tested without prompting you first. When used with /custom, will override any /surface setting in [Custom] section of scandisk.ini.
/fragment - Checks individual files for fragmentation. Must specify a drive, path and file name; cannot use any other switches.
/mono - Uses a monochrome display instead of color.
/nosave - Deletes all lost clusters found by Scandisk. Can be used with /autofix.
/nosummary - Prevents display of full-screen summary after each drive. Use with /autofix to prevent prompts for undo diskette.
WINDOWS ME SCANDISK
Like Windows 95 and Windows 98 Windows me has scandisk located in the same location, to run Scandisk in Windows ME follow the below instructions.
WINDOWS NT SCANDISK
Windows NT is not shipped with Microsoft Scandisk. However, various third-party companies offer utilities that can scandisk and check your hard disk drive for you. Symantec a well respected computer company offers such a program.
WINDOWS 2000 / XP SCANDISK
Keep in mind that if Windows 2000 and XP is a networking operating system and it's possible that the privileges to run scandisk may have revoked by the system administrator. To run Scandisk I recommend you follow the recommend steps.
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