Pronounced as Cash (like the money). Cache is a high-speed access area that can be either a reserved section of main memory or a storage device. The two main types of cache are: memory cache and disk cache. Memory cache is a portion on memory of high-speed static RAM (SRAM) and is effective because most programs access the same data or instructions over and over. By keeping as much of this information as possible in SRAM, the computer avoids accessing the slower DRAM.
Like memory caching, disk caching is used to access commonly accessed data. However, instead of using high-speed SRAM, a disk cache uses conventional main memory. The most recently accessed data from the disk is stored in a memory buffer. When a program needs to access data from the disk, it first checks the disk cache to see if the data is there.
Most computers today come with L3 cache and/or L2 cache, while older computers included only L1 cache. Disk caching can dramatically improve the performance of applications because accessing a byte of data in RAM can be thousands of times faster than accessing a byte on a hard disk.
Another type of cache is known as "Internet
browser cache" also known as "Temporary Internet Files". Internet cache
is used to help improve how fast data is opened while browsing the Internet. In
most cases, each time a web page is opened, it is sent to your browser's
temporary cache on your hard disk drive. If that page is accessed again and has
not been modified, the browser will open the page from your cache instead of
downloading the page again. This saves users a lot of time, especially if that
user is using a modem, and can also help save the web page owner on bandwidth.
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