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Internet Fixes Windows XP And More News Letter!  Issue

1. Copy Files And Folders To A CD In Windows XP!
2. Encrypt A Folder To Protect Files You May Be Working With!
3. You Can Disable The Windows XP Startup Screen!
4. Stop Password Expiration In Windows XP Pro!
5. Change The Picture Displayed Next To The User Name In XP Pro And Home!
6. Enable Or Disable The CTRL+ALT+DELETE Sequence For Logging On In Windows XP!
7. Using Automatic Logon In Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition And In Microsoft Windows XP Professional!
8. What Programs Are Installed On Your Windows XP Computer?
9. Creating A Windows XP Password Reset Disk!
10. Quickly Lock Your Computer In Windows XP!
11. Using System File Checker In Vista.
12. To Take Ownership of a System File In Vista.
13. Share A Folder Or File Directly From Your PC With Windows Vista.
14. Enable Parental Controls On A Domain Computer Running Vista Ultimate.
15. Create A Complete Backup And Restore Image With Windows Vista.
 
 

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1. Copy Files And Folders To A CD In Windows XP!
 

To copy files and folders to a CD:
1. Insert a blank writable CD into the CD recorder.
2. Double-click My Computer, and then click the files or folders that you want to copy to the CD. To select more than one file, hold down the CTRL key while you click the files you want.
3. Click any of the following options:
- Copy this file
- Copy this folder
- Copy the selected items

4. In the Copy Items dialog box, click the CD recording drive, and then click Copy.
5. In My Computer, double-click the CD recording drive.

Windows displays a temporary area where the files are held before they are copied to the CD. Check that the files and folders that you intend to copy to the CD are displayed under Files Ready to Be Written to the CD.
 

6. Under CD Writing Tasks, click Write to CD.
7. After the CD Writing Wizard starts, follow the instructions in the wizard.
8. When the process is finished, the wizard displays a check box for you to choose to create another CD like the one you just made.

 

If you want to create multiple copies of the same CD, click Yes, write these files to another CD and insert another blank, writable CD into the CD recorder. Follow the instructions in the wizard.

NOTE: After you copy files or folders to the CD, it is useful to view the CD to confirm that the files are copied.

 

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2. Encrypt A Folder To Protect Files You May Be Working With!

NOTE: You can encrypt files and folders only on volumes that use the NTFS file system.

1. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, and then click Windows Explorer.
2. Locate and right-click the folder that you want, and then click Properties.
3. On the General tab, click Advanced.
4. Under Compress or Encrypt attributes, select the Encrypt contents to secure data check box, and then click OK.
5. Click OK.
6. In the Confirm Attribute Changes dialog box that appears, use one of the following steps:
 

- If you want to encrypt only the folder, click Apply changes to this folder only, and then click OK.
- If you want to encrypt the existing folder contents along with the folder, click Apply changes to this folder, subfolders and files, and then click OK.

The folder becomes an encrypted folder. New files that you create in this folder are automatically encrypted. Note that this does not prevent others from viewing the contents of the folder. This prevents others from opening items in the encrypted folder.

For example, if another user attempts to open a Microsoft Word document that has been created in the encrypted folder, the following message appears:
Word cannot open the document: Username does not have access privileges
(drive:\filename.doc)
 

If another user attempts to copy or move a document from the encrypted folder to another location on the hard disk, the following message appears:
Error Copying File or Folder

Cannot copy Filename: Access is denied.

Make sure the disk is not full or write-protected and that the file is not currently in use.

APPLIES TO:
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3. You Can Disable The Windows XP Startup Screen!

To disable the Windows XP Startup screen:

1. Click Start, and right-click on My Computer
2. From the menu choose Properties
3. From System Properties, select the Advanced tab, and press the Settings button under the Startup and Recovery heading
4. Click the Edit button and locate the line that loads Windows XP.
To the end of that line add /sos, so it would look like this:
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINNT="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /fastdetect /sos
5. Save your changes, and press OK (2x) to close the System Properties

Now when you start Windows, you will see some system messages, instead of the Windows XP logo.
 

/sos is all that you are adding to the line!


Please note that if you want to use the Norton Protected Recycle Bin, you can't use this switch (/sos). I found this out when I was testing the tip!
See the Symantec Knowledge Base for more information.

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4. Stop Password Expiration In Windows XP Pro!

After you have run Windows XP for a while, you may receive this message when you log on: "Your password will expire in 14 days, 10 days, etc".

Note: This only applies to Windows XP Professional. XP Home does not use/set password expiration.

By default, Windows XP is set up with passwords which will expire after 42 days. 14 days in advance, Windows will start warning you of this fact. If you do not want your passwords to expire:
 

1. Go to Start > Run and in the Open: box type control userpasswords2
2. Select the Advanced tab in the User Accounts window
3. Press the Advanced button below the Advanced user management header
4. Select Users in the Local Users and Groups
5. In the right pane, right-click the user name for which you want to change the setting, and select Properties
6. On the General tab, check Password never expires
7. Click Apply and OK (all the way out)  

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5. Change The Picture Displayed Next To The User Name In XP Pro And Home!

In Windows XP, you can have a picture displayed next to the user name on the Welcome screen and on the new Start menu. This article describes how to change the picture for non-domain members.

Windows XP Home and Professional Edition!
Non-Domain Members
A picture is automatically assigned to each user account. To change this picture:


1. In Control Panel, double-click User Accounts.
2. Click the account for which you want to change the picture.
3. Click Change the picture.
4. Click a picture in the window, or click Browse for More Pictures, and then click the picture that you want to use.
5. When this picture is highlighted in the window, click Change Picture.

Domain Members:
Note: This feature is not available to computers that participate in a domain.

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6. Enable Or Disable The CTRL+ALT+DELETE Sequence For Logging On In Windows XP!

Administrators you can require users to press CTRL+ALT+DELETE before logging on to a Windows XP-based computer, or you can eliminate this requirement for a faster logon process. Note that you must be logged on with Administrator rights to perform this task.

To Enable or Disable the CTRL+ALT+DELETE Sequence:
1. Click Start, click Control Panel, and then click User Accounts.
2. Click the Advanced tab.
3. In the Secure logon section, select or clear the Require users to press Ctrl+Alt+Delete check box.

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7. Using Automatic Logon In Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition And In Microsoft Windows XP Professional!

You can also use turn on automatic logon without editing the registry in Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition and in Microsoft Windows XP Professional on a computer that is not joined to a domain.

To do this, follow these steps:
1. Click Start, and then click Run.
 

2. In the Open box, type control userpasswords2, and then click OK.

Note: When users try to display help information in the User Accounts window in Windows XP Home Edition, the help information is not displayed.
 

Additionally, users receive the following error message:
Cannot find the Drive:\Windows\System32\users.hlp Help file. Check to see that the file exists on your hard disk drive. If it does not exist, you must reinstall it.

3. Clear the "Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer" check box, and then click Apply.
 

4. In the Automatically Log On window, type the password in the Password box, and then retype the password in the Confirm Password box.
 

5. Click OK to close the Automatically Log On window, and then click OK to close the User Accounts window.

APPLIES TO:
- Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
- Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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8. What Programs Are Installed On Your Windows XP Computer?

Here's an easy way to get a list of all the Microsoft programs that are installed on your computer:

1. Click Start | Help and Support.

2. In the left column of the Help and Support window, under Pick a Help Topic, click Windows basics.

3. In the left pane, click to expand Core Windows tasks.

4. Click Searching for information.

5. In the right pane, under Pick a task, click Get information about your computer.

In the right pane, under What do you want to do? , Click View a list of Microsoft software installed on this computer.

The list can be copied and pasted into another document. It also contains the Product ID numbers that you might find useful if you lose them and have to reinstall a program.

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9. Creating A Windows XP Password Reset Disk!

Windows XP lets you create a reset disk so that, if you should forget your password at the logon screen, you'll be able to use the disk to reset the password.
Otherwise, you might never be able to log onto the account again. To make the disk, you use the Forgotten Password Wizard. Here's how (the following assumes your computer is not a member of a domain):

1. Click Start-->Control Panel, and double click User Accounts.

2. Click the account name under which you're logged on.

3. Under Related Tasks in the top box on the left, click Prevent a forgotten password.

4. On the first page of the wizard, click Next.

5. On the next page, choose the drive letter of the disk on which you want to create the reset disk (typically a:).

6. Enter your current password.

7. Click Next.

8. Click Finish.

This places an encrypted copy of your password on the disk. Now if you forget the password, you can use your reset disk to start the Password Reset Wizard and create a new password. Remember that you'll need to create a new reset disk any time you change your password.

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10. Quickly Lock Your Computer In Windows XP!

In Windows NT 4 or 2000, pressing Ctrl-Alt-Del followed by Enter will lock the computer to keep other people from accessing your system. Strangely, Windows XP does not use the same keystrokes.

Fortunately, you don't have to wait around for the password-protected screen saver to kick in; you can simply press the key combination Windows-L. In case your system lacks a Windows key (as many laptops do), there's another solution. Right-click on the desktop and choose New | Shortcut from the pop-up menu. When prompted to type the location of the item, instead enter this command line: %windir%\System32\rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation. Launch this shortcut to lock the computer.

Note that when Fast User Switching is enabled, the shortcut will simply return you to the welcome screen, leaving you logged on.

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11. Using System File Checker In Vista.

System File Checker checks that all Windows files are where they should be and that they're uncorrupted. If you've done all your virus and spyware checking, error checking and defragging, and Windows is still doing strange things, then SFC can avoid a reinstall.

1. Open a Command Window in Administrator mode:

- Click Start
- Click All Programs, then Accessories
- Right click on the Command Prompt option,
- On the drop down menu which appears, click on the Run as Administrator option.
- If you haven’t disabled User Account Control you will be asked for authorization. Click the Continue button if you are the administrator or insert the administrator password.

2. Start the System File Checker

- In the Command Prompt window, type: sfc /scannow,
-Press Enter.
- You’ll see “the system scan will begin”.

The scan may take some time and windows will repair/replace any corrupt or missing files. You will be asked to insert your Vista DVD if it’s needed.

Close the Command Prompt Window when the job is finished.

You need a Windows DVD to enable SFC to make repairs.

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12. To Take Ownership of a System File In Vista.

If you are trying to tweak or modify your Vista system, you will run into a barrier when it comes to replacing or changing system files. You can take ownership of the file and then grant your username full control of the file. After you have made your changes and/or modifications, you can then remove the permissions.

First you will need to access an elevated command prompt, to do this:

1. Click the Start button.

2. Click All Programs.

3. Go into Accessories.

4. Right-click on Command Prompt.

5. Select Run as administrator.

6. When the UAC Prompt appears, click Continue.

Once you have your elevated command prompt, follow these steps:

For our example, we are going to use the Bubbles screensaver file (Bubbles.scr)

1. At the command prompt, input takeown /f filepath (takeown /f c:\windows\system32\Bubbles.scr).

2. Press Enter on the keyboard.

3. A message will be displayed that this completed successfully.

4. Now input icacls filepath /grant yourusername:f (icacls c:\windows\system32\Bubbles.scr /grant gcham01:f).

5. A message will be displayed that this completed successfully.

You will now be able to modify or replace the file. When you are done, simply remove the permissions to keep the file secure.

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13. Share A Folder Or File Directly From Your PC With Windows Vista.

Windows Vista improves on the Windows network folder sharing experience first introduced with Windows XP by giving you more flexibility in what you can share with other people and improving the setup process. With Windows Vista you can now share folders and individual files with any other user on the same corporate network. From any explorer, select a file or folder and on the command bar choose the option to Share.

Enter the name of another user on the same network, and give them appropriate rights of access—reader, co-owner, etc. To help close the loop, Windows Vista can even automatically compose an e-mail to the individuals with which you have shared the content. The auto-generated e-mail contains a hyperlink to the shared content, enabling the recipient to instantly be taken to the shared content.

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14. Enable Parental Controls On A Domain Computer Running Vista Ultimate.

If you are running Vista Ultimate on a domain, you will notice that Parental Controls is disabled by default. In order to utilize Parental Controls so you can limit access to the web, set hours that the account can access the computer, what games can be played and what applications can be run, you will need to enable this functionality. Parental Controls can only be applied to standard users, not administrators. To enable this Parental Controls on a domain computer, follow these steps:

1. Press the WinKey+R to bring up the Run dialog box.

2. Input gpedit.msc.

3. Click OK.

4. When the UAC prompt appears, select Continue.

5. The Group Policy Object Editor window will appear.

6. Under Local Computer Policy, expand Computer Configuration.

7. Expand Administrative Templates.

8. Expand Windows Components.

9. Select Parental Controls.

10. In the right pane, right-click Make Parental Controls control panel visible on a Domain.

11. Select Properties.

12. Select the Enabled radio button.

13. Click OK.

14. Close the Group Policy Object Editor.

15. Log off of the machine, and then back on for changes to take affect.

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15. Create A Complete Backup And Restore Image With Windows Vista.

Unlike Windows XP, Windows Vista does not have a repair install option. Well not in the sense of being able to re-install the operating system over the current version without damaging or altering software applications you have installed over and above the Windows operating system.

This is not to say that there are no repair options, because there are; they simply work differently.

Recovery Console, for instance, does not exist in Windows Vista. Instead, if you want to repair your installation, you would be able to do so if you had previously created a Complete Backup of Windows Vista and saved it to either a separate partition or a series of DVDs.

For piece of mind it is wise to create the first backup of Windows Vista after you have installed the operating system and completed the installation of any additional applications. It is not wise to backup the system until the operating system has been officially activated.

While Microsoft recommends creating a backup image every six months or so, it may be far wiser to create a new backup image after any major alterations or upgrades to your system.

Creating a backup image using Windows Vista Backup application is quite straightforward. All you need to ensure is that you have adequate media (if you are saving to DVD) or enough hard disk space (if you are using a hard drive partition) to accommodate the backed up image.

It is unfortunate that the Windows Backup application doesn't support compression. If the drive is 20GB in size then the backup image will also be 20GB.

To start the backup image, proceed as follows:

1. Click the Start button

2. From the Start Menu, Click All Programs>Accessories>System Tools

3. On the System Tools menu, Click the Backup Status and Configuration option

4. In the backup Window, Click the Complete PC Backup option

5. In the Complete PC Backup window, Click the Create Backup Now option

6. User Account Control (UAC) asks for permission to continue. If you are the administrator, Click the Continue button. If you are not the administrator you will be required to supply the relevant authority before being able to continue.

7. Vista will now search for operating systems on your PC

8. After Vista has located the operating system details the 'Where do you want to save the backup' window appears

9. Select either the Hard drive or DVD option. Please ensure you have enough free disk space or the required quantity of DVDs before proceeding

10. Click the Next button

11. The next screen asks 'Which disk do you want to include'. You should note that, if you are using a dual boot system - for instance, Windows XP and Vista, both the XP and Vista drives will be marked up for backup, and that these options cannot be changed by the user. If XP is on the first partition, Windows Vista will store its boot-loader files there, hence the need to backup both partitions and drives

12. The Vista drive will already be selected. If you have other partitions/drives you wish to include in the backup now is the time to select them

13. Once you have selected the partition/drive you wish to include in the backup, press the Next button

14. In the Confirm your backup settings window, Check that everything you want to backup is listed in 'The following disk will be backed up' dialogue box, and then Press the Start Backup button

15. Windows will now prepare to Create a Backup

16. If you are using DVDs, you will now be asked to Insert a blank disk larger than 1GB into your DVD drive

17. Insert the DVD

18. The DVD will now be formatted. After formatting Windows will start to backup your PC's data

19. If you are backing up to a separate hard drive or partition the backup process will start as soon as you click the Start Backup Button

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